In discussing the mapping process, the Report states:
"Alan Kessel, Legal Adviser to [Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade], noted in his presentation to the Committee that Canada had been collaborating with other countries on mapping. This, he said, not only makes good economic and scientific sense, but will also help avoid the potential overlapping of national claims and reduce the need for future arbitration. Mr. Kessel also emphasized that the Article 76 process had been incorrectly portrayed in the media as an adversarial scramble for natural resources."
Notwithstanding this measured tone, the very first paragraphs of the Report mention potential challenges to Canadian sovereignty in the Arctic, including possible disagreements with neighbors over continental shelf submissions:
"Canada faces a number of actual and potential challenges to its sovereignty and sovereign rights in the Arctic. Canada and Denmark both claim ownership of Hans Island in the eastern Arctic. Canada also has longstanding maritime border delimitation problems with its circumpolar
neighbours. As for the continental shelf beyond the 200-nautical-mile Exclusive Economic Zone, the extent to which other Arctic coastal countries will lay national claims to the seabed will be a matter to be determined in accordance with specific rules laid down in the 1982
UN Law of the Sea Convention. However, disputes concerning overlapping claims could arise."
This April 2009 report follows on the Committee's excellent Interim Report from June 2008, available here and mentioned in an earlier post. The Committee's press release on the latest report provides useful background information on the latest report and links to its fourteen Recommendations.